Volume XXV Number 39 September 28, 2001

FrontPage Stories

Hispanic Heritage Month

September 15 - October 15

During Hispanic Heritage Month we take a look at the contributions the Hispanic community has provided to our way of life in the United States. This week we take a look at the roles the Hispanic community has played as aviators, from the father of flight to the first Hispanic Latina in outer space. We extend our appreciation to the Smithsonian Institution for the following stories and NASA ( National Aeronautics and Space Administration) for the story about Dr. Ellen Ochoa.

Highlights in Latin American Aviation History

The following lecture was given by Daniel Hagedorn, Adjunct Curator for Latin American Aviation at the National Air and Space Museum.

It is a distinct pleasure and honor for me to speak to such a distinguished assembly on a subject that has been my personal passion for some thirty-five years now. I will bring you but a very brief glimpse of the very rich and eventful history of aviation in Latin America. Both military and naval aviation will be touched upon as well as the civilian and commercial sphere. Needless to say, it would take far longer than the few moments to convey the entire breadth of the subject. However, perhaps in these selected examples you will leave with a richer understanding of what has gone before.



This image pertains to the 201 Esquadron, a Mexican fighter squadron that fought against the Japanese in the Phillippines during World War II

It will probably come as something of a surprise to you to learn that a Latin American aeronaut actually flew before the Wright brothers. But way before someone rushes out to alert the "Washington Post," the aeronaut in question flew in a lighter-than-air dirigible of his own design, rather than a fixed wing, controllable, powered aircraft, which claim is still held by the immortal Wright brothers.

For the rest of this story please follow this link:


Alberto Santos-Dumont a Brazilian aviation pioneer, deemed the Father of Aviation by Brazilians
Alberto Santos Dumont was born July 20, 1873, in the village of Cabangu, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. At the age of 18, Santos Dumont was sent by his father to Paris where he devoted his time to the study of chemistry, physics, astronomy and mechanics. His first spherical balloon, "Brasil," ordered from Maison La-Chambre, with the capacity of 113 cubic meters, capable of lifting a ballast of 114.4 lbs, and having in its lower part a wicker basket, made its first ascension in Paris on July 4th, 1898. His second balloon, "America," had 500 cubic meters of capacity and gave Santos Dumont the Aero Club of Paris award to study the atmospheric currents. Twelve balloons had participated in this competition but "America" reached a greater altitude and remained in the air for 22 hours.

Inventor & Revolutionary, Victor Ochoa
The Ochoa Plane
Note: This rticle contains transcriptions of newspaper articles. Many are unattributable and undated.
. . .Ochoa was the inventor of the Ochoaplane, made by the International Airship Co. of Paterson, N.J.

Ellen Ochoa the First Latina in Outer Space
Ellen Ochoa was born May 10, 1958 in Los Angeles, California, but considers La Mesa, California, to be her hometown. A graduate from Grossmont High School, La Mesa, California, in 1975; received a bachelor of science degree in physics from San Diego State University in 1980, a master of science degree and doctorate in electrical engineering from Stanford University in 1981 and 1985, respectively.

Our Invisible Children: A Night On San Diego's Streets
By Yvette tenBerge
This is the final piece of a two-part story on the commercial sexual exploitation of children here in San Diego County. This article introduces some of the "invisible" teens and young adults who struggle to survive on San Diego's streets each day, and outlines a night in the life of an outreach worker for Storefront, San Diego's only emergency shelter for homeless youth. The names of these teens and young adults have been changed, or their "street names" used, in order to protect their privacy.

Speaking With Kids on San Diego's Streets
By Yvette tenBerge
On any given night, hundreds of runaway, throwaway and homeless youth wander the streets of downtown and thousands are estimated to roam San Diego County. By day, these children, teens and young adults blend in with the throngs of people that make their way to and from work. By night, as many of us are tucked away in our beds, these youth make their way along these same streets, forced to fend off or accept offers from sexual predators. La Prensa took to the streets to hear what our forgotten youth have to say.

Our Children Are the Real Victims of the Terrorist Crisis
By Sarita Sarvate
On the morning of Tuesday, September 11, I sent my children to school as usual. I hadn't realized yet that this was the day their world was to change forever.

Ambiente-EEUU: La Amenaza De Una Nube Tóxica
Por Katherine Stapp
NUEVA YORK
(Tierramérica) Partículas de un polvo brillante se suspenden en el aire y pequeños focos ígneos persisten entre los escombros del World Trade Center, de Nueva York, al tiempo que miles de personas regresan a su trabajo en la zona sur de Manhattan.

Pakistan: Comienzan Las Recompensas por Apoyar a Estados Unidos
Comentario de Mushahid Hussain
ISLAMABAD
(IPS) -- Estados Unidos levantó las sanciones económicas que había impuesto a Pakistán e India por sus ensayos con armas nucleares en mayo de 1998, y la decisión implica ante todo una recompensa a Islamabad por apoyar lo que Washington llama guerra contra el terrorismo.

Governor Davis Appoints Judge Carlos Moreno to the California Supreme Court
SACRAMENTO - Governor Gray Davis announced the appointment of Federal Judge Carlos R. Moreno as an Associate Justice of the California Supreme Court, filling the vacancy created by the death of Justice Stanley Mosk in June.

Stories

Immigrant Fears — Loss of Safe Haven in America
By Andres Tapia
MEXICO CITY
— After graduating from college in the 1980s, terrorist bombings and five-digit inflation kept me from going back to my native Peru. For my American wife and myself, the United States offered a safe haven from political violence and unstable economies. That all changed on September 11.

LA COLUMNA VERTEBRAL
Por Fabián Domán
El Gran Desafío
Cada generación de norteamericanos ha tenido que entregar su esfuerzo para que Estados Unidos se convierta en la nación más poderosa de la tierra. Así como los colonos dieron desde su vida hasta sus pertenecías para independizarse de los ingleses y más recientemente, en los años 40, como miles de jóvenes se involucraron en un conflicto europeo y oriental que parecía lejano y que a partir de Pearl Harbor fue propio, ahora llegó el turno de esta generación.

Juan Figueroa, An Ardent Defender of Civil Rights For Latinos
New York — Throughout his long career as a community organizer, assistant attorney general, state legislator and head of nonprofit organization, Juan Figueroa has championed the cause of civil rights for Latinos.

Juan Figueroa, Ferviente Defensor de los Derechos de los Latinos
Nueva York - A través de su extensa carrera como dirigente comunitario, asistente del fiscal, legislador estatal y director de una organización no lucrativa, Juan Figueroa ha encabezado el fundamento de los derechos civiles de los latinos.

Young Researchers Armed For Front Lines In War On Cancer
Other Students Must Be Enlisted to Join Their Ranks, Help Combat a National Killer
By Dr. Elena Rios

WASHINGTON, D.C. - A recent report shows the rates for new cancer cases and deaths continued to decline in the U.S., but the fight is far from over and more research is needed - research that will touch the lives of millions of Americans, their families and friends.

Los Jovenes Investigadores Están Armados Para la línea de Fuego en la Guerra Contra el Cáncer
Deben Reclutarse Otros Estudiantes Para Que Se Unan A Sus Tropas y Ayuden a Combatir Un Homicida
Nacional
Por Dra. Elena Ríos
WASHINGTON, D.C. - Un informe reciente muestra que las tasas de casos nuevos y muertes debidos al cáncer continúan disminuyendo en los Estados Unidos, pero el fin de la lucha aún está lejano y es necesaria más investigación, la cual afectará las vidas de millones de estadounidenses, sus familias y amigos.

La Asociación Americana del Corazón Celebra el Mes de la Herencia Hispana
Insistimos en que los Hispanos aprendan los síntomas de los paros cardiacos.
LOS ANGELES, CA — Es un domingo por la tarde, su madre y usted se encuentran en la cocina preparando la cena, cuando de pronto, ella sufre un colapso, cae al suelo y deja de respirar. Usted corre a su lado. Su hermano corre hacia el teléfono y llama al 9-1-1 para pedir ayuda. Como usted ya sabe las señales de aviso, se da cuenta enseguida de que su madre tiene un paro cardiaco y empieza a proporcionarle CPR (resucitación cardio-pulmonar). La ayuda médica llega en pocos minutos. Como usted sabía las señales de aviso y qué hacer y su hermano llamó al 9-1-1 inmediatamente, la historia tuvo un final feliz. Su madre sobre-vivió.

GCCCD governing board extends military leave benefits for employees called to active duty
EL CAJON -
In the wake of the recent terrorist attacks, the Grossmont-Cuyamaca Community College District Governing Board has voted to extend military leave benefits for employees called into active duty.

DOL To Ensure Reserve, Guard Members Return To Jobs; Civilians Called To Active Duty Entitled To
Return To Their Previous Employment
U.S. Secretary of Labor Elaine L. Chao announced today that the Department of Labor will begin an education campaign for employers as well as National Guard and Reserve units, to ensure that civilians called up for active duty are re-employed at their previous jobs after completion of their military service.

SDG&E Outlines Help For Customers Impacted by State Rate Increase
In the wake of a state electricity rate increase, San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E) joined with community partners to raise awareness of bill assistance and energy-efficiency programs available to all its customers.

CRLA Host Its Annual Tardeada Fund Raiser
California Rural Legal Assistance invites you to its Annual San Diego Tardeada Fund Raiser. CRLA is a statewide, non-profit, equal justice legal aid providing advocacy for poor, rural people throughout San Diego and Imperial Counties and California. This year we celebrate 35 years of legal services to California's rural poor.

Maritime Career Expo/Job Fair 2001 to Feature Unique Career Opportunities
Looking for a job? Want to work where you play? Come to the free Maritime Career Expo/Job Fair 2001 from 10:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m. on Saturday, September 29 at the Silver Gate Yacht Club, 2091 Shelter Island Drive. Enjoy entertainment, refreshments, and an old fashioned Bake Sale during the day, sponsored by Coordinated Maritime Services, a non-profit organization dedicated to safety information and education for the entire San Diego maritime community.

Papa John's Pizza Teams With Padres Slugger Trevor Hoffman For "Who's Your Hero?" Youth Writing
Contest
Papa John's Pizza and San Diego Padre Trevor Hoffman are teaming up to sponsor a youth writing contest titled "Who's Your Hero?" The contest will be topped off with a $10,000 donation to a charity of Trevor Hoffman's choice. "Who's Your Hero?" begins on September 17th and all entries must be postmarked by Saturday, October 13th.

Editorials

Editorial
Zealotry Confounds United States Leadership
Who could possibly believe that a few bearded, camel drivers could so humble and panic our elected leadership? Fanatical zealots have terrorized different cities, villages, or groups throughout the world since time immemorial. Zealotry has been a hallmark of civilization since early homosapiens crawled out of their caves and noticed that there were others out there seeking their food and space, and wanting to control their tribe.

Opinion
Terrorists to Us, "Freedom Fighters" to Muslim World
by Dr. Art Salzberg
The vast undertaking of the bombings in present-day America and the hijacking of four passenger airplanes, all within a matter of hours, should not have been a surprise after the last incident of this type, and from a similar source: the bombing of the U.S.S. Cole and its toll of 268 lives. This is a time for reflection for all Americans, from all walks of life. The attack on the Cole was the real opening shot in this terror campaign, and we should have known there would be more to follow.

The Public Forum ... El Foro Publico
Justice and Self-Defense
The case for large-scale, decisive U.S. military action in response to the Sept. 11 massacres is two-fold: justice and self-defense.

Etc. Etc. Etc.
Entertainment,
Reviews, Sporting news, and other tid bits

Calendar of Events...
by Berenice Cisneros
Adams Avenue Street Fair
The Adams Avenue Street Fair will celebrate its 20th anniversary on Saturday, September 29 from 10:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. and Sunday, September 30, 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. on Adams Avenue between Bancroft and 35th Street, in the heart of Normal Heights. A two day celebration that will feature more than 80 bands performing on seven stages, enticing food, three beer gardens, arts and craft vendors, carnival rides, children's activities and much more. For further information, please call (858) 492-8096.

Battles of the Unbeatens in Week 3: Bengals-Chargers; Dolphins-Rams; Broncos "O" Baces Ravens "D"
How `bout them Bengals?! And how about those Chargers?!

Sockers Return to Sports Arena for Weekend Matches
by John Philip Wyllie
When the league leading 5-1 San Diego Sockers return to the Sports Arena this weekend for a pair of back to back matches, they will be expecting offensive help from an unlikely source: the usually defensive-minded Mauricio Alegre. Alegre is a native of Mexico City and has resided in Tijuana for the last 17 years. He is one of only three players on the current Sockers roster that has ties to the team which operated at the Sports Arena from 1980 until 1996.

San Diego State Returns Home After First Victory of the Year
Air Force (1-1, 0-0) at San Diego State (1-2, 1-0)
Sept. 29, 2001, 8:05 p.m. Qualcomm Stadium
Television:
The Air Force at San Diego State game will be televised live nationally by ESPN2.

Return to Archieves Page Return to Index Page