October 13, 2000

Carlos Salinas de Gortari and the After Shocks

By Enrique Davis-Mazlum

On March 10th, 1936 President Plutarco Elias Calles was sent into exile by President Lazaro Cardenas, because Calles wanted to control President Cardenas and make decisions even though his term as President had ended in 1928. It is ironic how history repeats itself. On March 10th, 1995 Carlos Salinas de Gortari left Mexico or was forced out of Mexico as part of an agreement that he made with President Ernesto Zedillo on March 3rd, 1995. The main points of the agreement were: 1) Salinas would end his hunger strike that started on March 1st, 1995 as a protest to all of the accusations that were being made against him; 2) He would leave Mexico; 3) Raul Salinas de Gortari (Carlos Salinas brother) would be tried for being the intellectual author of the murder of Francisco Ruiz Massieu (his ex-brother in law and ex-General Secretary of the PRI, who was assassinated on September 1994) and 4) Raul Salinas de Gortari would not be tried for illicit enrichment.

Carlos Salinas de Gortari (born in Mexico City on April 3rd, 1948) graduated with honors in economics from UNAM (Uni-versidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico) in 1969. During his college years he would go to Chiapas along with three friends (Manuel Camacho Solis, Presidential Candidate for the PDS in 2000; Francisco Ruiz Massieu, General Secretary of the PRI and a third friend) and talk to the indigenous people about defending their land, their rights, etc. their way of thinking at that time was a Maoist ideology.

In 1973 he studies for a masters in Public Administration; in 1976 a masters in Political Economy and Government and in 1978 his doctorate in Political Economy and Government from Harvard University. He returns to Mexico and starts teaching at UNAM and at ITAM (Instituto Tecnologico Autonomo de Mexico) and was also the Director of the Budgeting in the Secretary of Finance office. Salinas moved his way up until he became the Secretary of Budgeting under President Miguel de la Madrid in 1982. Influenced by his studies in Harvard (Anarchy, State, and Utopia by Robert Nozick), President Ronal Reagan's Trickle Down Economics and Margaret Thatcher, Salinas changed his way of thinking.

Carlos Salinas was a big influence on President Miguel de la Madrid and was also the PRI Old School's biggest enemy. Carlos Salinas de Gortari won his first battle against Jesus Silva Herzog, Secretary of Finance, Cuauhtemoc Cardenas Solorzano (Governor of Michoacan 1980-1986) and Porfirio Muñoz Ledo when he was named the official candidate of the PRI for the 988 Presidential Elections. It took Salinas about two years to win the hearts of Mexico and the entire world. Salinas was admired, loved and hated, he knew how to get to you and convince you.

While I was studying Jr. High at Escuela Secundaria Tecnica #3 in Nogales, Sonora Carlos Salinas was on his campaign trail with Luis Donaldo Colosio Murrieta (1988 Campaign Director and 1994 Presidential Candidate who was assassinated on March 23, 1994). Selene Salgado (Student Body President) and I (Student Body Vice President) organized the entire student body and blocked the entrance to Nogales, Sonora, we did this because Municipal and State authorities did not meet our demands when we asked for speed bumps (beginning of January 1988) due to the fact that two students had been killed as they crossed the highway.

Carlos Salinas and Luis Donaldo Colosio got off the suburban that they were traveling in and talked to us. Salinas was a very convincing man and in less than a month and weeks before the 1988 Presidential Election the speed bumps were in place. Simple acts like these is what won the hearts of Mexico and the world, but there were many who were not fooled. After his victory in 1988 Salinas had to negotiate in order to have political stability while he was President. He proposed several Constitutional Amendments, which benefited the PAN and the Church [Article 24 and 130 (Church), Article 27 (Land), Article 82 (Requirements to be President)] and gave him the support that he needed at the time. In three of the trips that Carlos Salinas made to Mexico there were earthquakes the day after he left, but in his last trip we have only felt after shocks one after another.

Carlos Salinas in his last trip to Mexico (Friday October 6th, 2000) to make the presentation of his book titled "Mexico a Hard Step Towards Modernity", tries to justify his term as President and blames President Ernesto Zedillo for the error of December of 1994 or Tequila Effect in a chapter called "Treason". But Carlos Salinas left a day early from what was scheduled and two days later there was another after shock when a recording between his brother Raul Salinas (in prison) and his sister Adriana was transmitted on October 10th, 2000 on Noticieros Televisa (one of the biggest TV Stations in Mexico). Raul Salinas tells his sister that he will tell the truth when it is time and that his brother Carlos Salinas is a traitor. Carlos Salinas says that he does not believe that the phone call that was transmitted is authentic. But if the phone call is authentic, what will the Mexican Government do? How did Noticieros Televisa get a hold of this conversation? All of these incidents are after shocks of what Carlos Salinas has done his entire life. Each person will be the judge, each person must decide if Carlos Salinas is guilty or innocent, if he was a good or bad President, if he should return to Mexico to live or to start a sentence in a cell next to his brother. My opinion changed in 1994 and I don't think that a book will change it again.

Enrique Davis-Mazlum, attends ITAM in Mexico City, studying for his Masters in Public Policy. www.loscandidatos.com davismazlum@hotmail.com

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