Volume XXV Number 49 December 7, 2001

FrontPage Stories

La Narración Más Antigüa de las Apariciones Guadalupanas

Por Antonio Valeriano

(En Nahuatl y traducida por Primo Feliciano Velázquez; Adicionada por Alva Ixtlixóchitl)

En orden y concierto se refiere aquí de qué maravillosa manera apareció poco ha la siempre Virgen Santa María, Madre de Dios, Nuestra Reina, en el Tepeyac, que se nombra Guadalupe.

Primera aparición

Diez años después de tomada la ciudad de México se suspendió la guerra y hubo paz entre los pueblos, así como empezó a brotar la fe, el conocimiento del verdadero Dios, por quien se vive. A la sazón, en el año de mil quinientos treinta y uno, a pocos días del mes de diciembre, sucedió que había un pobre indio, de nombre Juan Diego según se dice, natural de Cuautitlán. Tocante a las cosas espirituales aún todo pertenecía a Tlatilolco. Era sábado, muy de madrugada, y venía en pos del culto divino y de sus mandados. Al llegar junto al cerrillo llamado Tepeyácac amanecía y oyó cantar arriba del cerrillo: semejaba canto de varios pájaros preciosos; callaban a ratos las voces de los cantores; y parecía que el monte les respondía. Su canto, muy suave y deleitoso sobrepujaba al del Coyoltototl y del Tzinizcan y de otros pájaros lindos que cantan. Se paró Juan Diego a ver y dijo para sí: ¿Por ventura soy digno de lo que oigo? ¿quizás sueño? ¿me levanto de dormir? ¿dónde estoy? ¿acaso en el paraíso terrenal, que dejaron dicho los viejos, nuestros mayores? ¿acaso ya en el cielo?" Estaba viendo hacia el oriente, arriba del cerrillo de donde procedía el precioso canto celestial y así que cesó repentinamente y se hizo el silencio, oyó que le llamaban de arriba del cerrillo y le decían: "Juanito, Juan Dieguito".

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The Importance of the Apparitions of Our Lady of Guadalupe
The appearance of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico 470 years ago was not an isolated event intended only for Indians, the Mexicans, or Mexican-Americans.

Our Lady of Guadalupe Parade
The Guadalupana Confederation of San Diego will hold their annual Empress of the America's parade paying tribute to the Virgin of Guadalupe on Sunday December 9, 2001 at noon. The Virgin, who has been deeply rooted in Mexican culture since 1531, appeared to San Juan Diego on a hillside outside of what is now Mexico City. Since then, she continues to represent a symbol of unity to Mexicans struggling to leave the state of oppression and enter the state of becoming free.

Will Mexican Americans Be Cannon Fodder in the War on Terror?
By Jorge Mariscal
In boot camp my drill sergeant was a tough old Filipino. He was probably in his late 20s at the time, but to us he seemed much older. He had seen three tours in Vietnam in the bloodiest situations. He was a patriotic SOB, determined to instill that same patriotism in his motley recruits.

Stories

Transgenic DNA discovered in native Mexican corn, according to new study by UC Berkeley researchers
Berkeley
- Some of Mexico's native varieties of corn grown in remote regions have been contaminated by transgenic DNA, a finding that has both surprised and dismayed the University of California, Berkeley, researchers who made the discovery.

Study Finds High-School GPA Outweighs SAT I Scores in Predicting Minority Students' College Success
High-school grades are far more reliable than SAT I scores in predicting how well minority students will do in college, according to a new study by researchers at the University of California, Davis.

Dr. Ellen Ochoa: Education... The Stepping Stone To The Stars
Growing up in La Mesa, California, Dr. Ellen Ochoa never imagined she would be jetting through space for a living. As the first Hispanic woman astronaut, Dr. Ochoa attributes her success to the encouragement of her mother, who inspired her to excel in her education, and her teachers who made learning exciting.

Dra. Ellen Ochoa: La Educaion... El Apoyo Que La Llevó Hacia Las Estrellas
Cuando creció en La Mesa, California, la Dra. Ellen Ochoa nunca se imaginó que navegar en el espacio sería su modo de vida. Como la primera mujer hispana en ser astronauta, la Dra. Ochoa atribuye su éxito al ánimo que su madre le dio para sobresalir en sus estudios y a sus maestros que hicieron del aprendizaje algo emocionante.

San Diego Museum of Art is Opening Venue for Major Exhibition of a Leading Twentieth-Century
Mexican Artist
The San Diego Museum of Art announces that it is the opening venue for a comprehensive, internationally touring exhibition of works by the important Mexican artist José Clemente Orozco, the first major exhibition in the United States of Orozco in more than forty years. Opening March 9, 2002, José Clemente Orozco in the United States, 1927-1934 explores the extensive body of work Orozco produced during an extended stay in the United States. The exhibition is organized by the Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, in collaboration with the Museo de Arte Alvar y Carmen T. Carrillo Gil, Mexico City, the two other venues on the tour's schedule. Featuring more than 120 paintings, prints, drawings, watercolors and preparatory studies for murals, all showcasing Orozco's revolutionary artistic vision, it is the first major exhibition to focus on his time in the United States.

Se Realizó la 5ta Junta General de Budismo en Tijuana
Por: Paco Zavala
El pasado domingo 2 de diciembre del año en curso en el Teatro del Sindetel se llevó a cabo la 5ta Junta General de Budismo en Tijuana, que realizó la Soka Gakkai Internacional de México, Area Tijuana.

LA COLUMNA VERTEBRAL
Por Yhamel Catacora
A los 20 años del SIDA, pocas mejorías
Hace 20 años el VIH y el SIDA afloraron como una dolencia de hombres homosexuales. No se tardó mucho en estigmatizar la enfermedad y relacionarla con la bandera del arcoiris, con los triángulos rosa y con toda la simbología de la comunidad gay de los Estados Unidos. Algunos años tuvieron que pasar para que finalmente nos acostumbráramos a poner la palabra `heterosexual', cerca de la enfermedad; además de otras como `niños', `mujeres', `adolescentes' etc. Parece que recién llegamos a comprender que el SIDA es una dolencia de la humanidad.

Welcome to UCSD School of Medicine Doc-4-A-Day
The medical students at UCSD School of Medicine hosted approximately 125 high school and middle school students at the annual Doc-4-A-Day, held Saturday, Dec. 1.

Free Eye Exams Available to Low-Income Californians
Low-income and uninsured California families can once again receive eye exams at no charge through a program operated by the California Vision Foundation (CVF, a non-profit organization that is "Dedicated to providing access to quality eye care to the medically underserved populations of California." Now a year-round program, the California Vision Project (CVP) provides free eye exams and low-cost eyeglasses to qualified individuals and their families thanks to a network of over 900 volunteer optometrists throughout the state.

The Arenas Group Forms New Latino Film Label
Universal Pictures and The Arenas Group have formed Arenas Entertainment, a new Universal-based film label that will acquire, produce, finance, market and distribute films tailored to Hispanic audiences worldwide. The deal was announced by Marc Shmuger, vice chairman of Universal Pictures, and Santiago Pozo, founder and president of The Arenas Group. Pozo will serve as chief executive officer of the new venture.

ECS and SDG&E Launch Landmark Outreach Campaign
Episcopal Community Services (ECS) and San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E) announced they have joined forces to launch an aggressive outreach program designed to enroll limited-income customers in the state California Alternate Rates for Energy (CARE) program.

La NAHJ Está Recibiendo Solicitudes de Becas para el Año 2002
The National Association of Hispanic Journalists (Asociación Nacional de Periodistas Hispanos, NAHJ) ya está recibiendo solicitudes para su Fondo de Becas Rubén Salazar, que proporciona apoyo económico a estudiantes hispanos que estudian el periodismo.

Encienda Una Vela
Mons. Jim Lisante
Camino al Liderazgo
El Padre James Keller, de la Orden Maryknoll, fundador de The Christophers en 1945, aún ejerce una poderosa influencia en nuestra organización a pesar de haber fallecido hace ya 25 años. Y esa presencia será acentuada aún más en las próximas semanas, cuando uno de los proyectos favoritos del Padre Keller, el Curso de Liderazgo Cristóforo, se establezca en nuestra sede central.

¿Qué Muerte Tuvo Tu Ser Querido?
Por Sergio Nogues
Con el proceso de las Torres Gemelas, la muerte ha sido un tema que se ha tocado mucho en las noticias. Al buscar en un diccionario bíblico la definición de "muerte", encontré que decía: "La muerte humana no implica dejar de existir, más bien consiste básicamente en una separación" y posteriormente decía: "La muerte espiritual es la separación del ser humano de su Dios". Aquí podemos observar que existen dos tipos de muertes. La muerte humana y la muerte espiritual. Ante la pérdida de un ser querido podemos hacernos la siguiente pregunta: "¿Qué muerte tuvo?".

The 60th Anniversary of Pearl Harbor: December 7th, 2001 An Aerial Salute
On the morning of December 7th, 2001, the San Diego Aerospace Museum will commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor with a flyover of World War II-era aircraft over Balboa Park. Conditions permitting, the aircraft will approach from the Northeast and fly directly over the Museum building at 9:55 a.m., the exact time (PST) that the attack began in Hawaii (7:55 a.m.).

April Kirsten Ford and Corey Andrew Bassett join in Holy Matrimony
April Kirsten Ford, daughter of Monica Ford and Dr. James Edward Ford of Oregon, married Corey Andrew Bassett, son of Briggett Bassett and Leroy Hinojos of Lemon Grove, the 24th of November, 2001.

Editorials

Editorial
REMEMBER PEARL HARBOR!
Pearl Harbor has been in our history since King Kalakaua of Hawaii gave the area in 1887, to the United States. Initially it served as a coaling station. The United States deepend the channel through the reef outside the harbor in 1902 and began to turn it into a major naval port. The first dry dock was completed in 1919. Pearl Harbor became the site of the Pearl Harbor Naval Complex. It covers about 12,600 acres on Oahu Island.

Commentary
First Came the Twin Towers: Now the San Diego Tijuana Pedestrian Bridge
By Pete Dominguez
The ripples change everything: The wake of the September 11 atrocities is now threatening to undo several important real estate and business projects along the San Diego-Tijuana border. And what began as the worst terrorist attack in the history of America is now spreading to create an economic calamity for the San Diego-Tijuana region as well.

Commentary
The Latino Academic Achievement Gap
By Ricardo Cooke
By the year 2040, Latinos will be the majority of the California population, and 15 percent of the United States. Already, the Latino press is among the strongest in independent news. In San Diego, where I live and teach, we have approximately a dozen Latino newspapers and several television and radio stations. Nearly half of the small businesses in the Sweetwater Union High School district are owned by Latinos. Latino students attending my local high school already rank a majority at 60 percent. Without question, this generation of Latino students will have a greater impact on their world than their parents did. The next will have even more.

Commentary
A True Patriot Is One Who Raises Questions
By Rodolfo Acuña
For the past few weeks, I have been attempting to avoid the controversy around the events of Sept. 11, realizing that navigating a mine field covered by flags is never easy.

Commentary
Don't Seal the Borders: Keeping workers out won't make us safer
By Linda Chavez
U.S. immigration policy was in need of a major fix before Sept. 11, but the issue has taken on new urgency in light of the attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon. However, Americans won't be any safer from terrorist attacks by drastically limiting the number of Indian engineering students or Mexican poultry workers who come here, or by preventing the parents or children of Chinese immigrants from joining families already here.

Comentario
Nueva Ley de Inmigración

Por Lourdes Davis
El Procurador de Justicia de los Estados Unidos, John Ashcroft, anunció que se acaba de acordar un nuevo plan que permitirá a algunas personas inmigrar a los Estados Unidos con más facilidad.

Tezezomoc Speaks
(Este Indio been gone for awhile. Been visiting los Volcános "Iztaccihuatl", "Popocatepetl", y "Axooxco" getting back to my roots. But the time has come to return, LITE UP MY PIPA and speak the truth from my Jacal)

Etc. Etc. Etc.
Entertainment,
Reviews, Sporting news, and other tid bits

City College Students Showcased at International Film Festival in Havana, Cuba
Three San Diego City College student videos have been selected for presentation at the 23rd International Festival of New Latin American Cinema in Havana, Cuba. Dubbed the "Latin American Sundance", this December 2-15, 2001 Festival features films and videos from all over the world, particularly Latin America and Spain.

Mosaico...
de Actividades Culturales en Tijuana

Por: Paco Zavala.
Ha llegado el mes más esperado del año, el mes de diciembre, sobre todo por las reinitas y los reyecitos de la casa " los niños", mes de luces, de fiestas, de posadas, de regalos y de un ajetreo terrible, que cuando finaliza se necesitan otras vacaciones para tomar un verdadero descanso.

Calendar of Events...
by Berenice Cisneros
Free Holiday at Bazaar del Mundo
With puppets, carolers and bands highlighting the sights and sounds of the season, visitors of all ages to the Bazaar del Mundo will find something to delight and entertain them. A free holiday entertainment tradition continues with a variety of music, singing and performances at Old Town San Diego's Bazaar del Mundo throughout the month of December. All acts are free. The line-up includes: Sounds of Christmas, Harpist, Dec. 8; Salsa Steel Christmas Band, First United Methodist Church Bell Choir, Rene's Marionettes, Harpist, Dec. 9; There will be other performances Dec. 15, 16, 22 & 23. For more information call 296-3161.

Local Prep Athlete Pursues World Cup Dream With Mexico
by John Philip Wyllie
With a name like Valderrama, you would expect Bonita Vista High School's 17 year old senior striker to be something special when she steps on to the soccer field. Although she is not related to legendary Colombian World Cup star, Carlos "El Pibe" Valderrama, Lina Valderrama is indeed something special.

Resolute Ruiz in home arena: He says Holyfield will be next stop
By Ron Borges
BOSTON
, December 4, 2001 - The Quiet Man spoke loudly yesterday.

Official FIFA World Cup Web Site Launches
The virtual doors are now open to FIFAworldcup.com, the official site of the 2002 FIFA World Cup Korea/Japan, Yahoo! Inc. announced. Global soccer fans can turn to http://www.FIFAworldcup.com for official, graphic-based, real-time updates and local analysis in multiple languages of the soccer teams representing 32 nations. The announcement coincides with a separate news release announcing Budweiser and MasterCard International as the first two global marketing partners of FIFAworldcup.com.

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